– BACKGROUND: There is a need to further anatomically describe the nucleus accumbens (NA), as there is a growing neurosurgical interest in this locus but a limited understanding of its structure. In this study, we evaluated quantitative NA parameters and spatial relationships with adjacent structures found in the telencephalon.
– METHODS: A total of 155 NA specimens from coronal sections and 3 NA specimens from transverse sections were stained using the Mulligan technique as modified by Barnard et al. The distance from the NA to other structures was then measured.
– RESULTS: The mean radius of the 155 NAs in the coronal sections was 6.23 0.964 mm, averaging 8.99 2.02 mm from midline (coordinate x), 27.09 3.15 mm from the insula, 12.95 3.21 mm from the outer border of the puta- men, 10.52 2.66 mm from the upper border of the caudate, and 8.84 2.93 mm from the midline of the lateral ventricle. The mean distance from the NA center of gravity to the middle of the intercommissural line parallel to the midline (coordinate y) was 17.08 3.61 mm, and the mean vertical distance from the intercommissural line to the NA was 8.12 1.265 mm.
– CONCLUSIONS: We obtained the stereotactic coordinates of (x, y, z) [ (8, 17, L8) for the NA. From this and other delineations of the described position of the NA, it is possible to contribute to stereotactic surgical atlases, improving neurosurgical interventions in this structure.